Climate change is becoming an increasing threat to secure livelihoods and social and economic development within Ghana. The Government of Ghana (GoG) is fully committed to mitigating these effects, as well as preparing measures to adapt to these changes. As a tropical country with considerable forest reserves we recognise the significant contribution that improved policies and actions to reduce deforestation and degradation can play within both mitigation and adaptation. As such, the GoG through the FC and a multi-stakeholder Steering Committee comprised of participants from relevant ministries, civil society and the private sector, are working to engage with both national and international actors in preparing Ghana’s national strategy for REDD+.
Establishing a strategy for REDD+ begins with clarifying what are the forest related emissions, identifying the drivers for those emissions, and then seeks to design a policy and activity framework that rewards activities to reduce them. There are thus a wide range of measures that can be included as candidate measures for our evolving REDD+ program and it is essential that these are coordinated with and further strengthen existing initiatives. As such the preparations for REDD+ are not confined within a stand alone project in the FC but will work closely with other units and sectors to ensure a coherent outcome that is realistic and appropriate to the Ghanaian context with consideration for all forest related stakeholders.
To prepare Ghana fully to interact with a potential future mechanism on REDD+ is thus a considerable task requiring technical and policy based developments to ensure that Ghana can account effectively for emissions within the sector, manage revenue from REDD+ payments and crucially have the policy frameworks, staff and activities in place to ensure a reduction in emissions from deforestation and degradation. To support this process of preparation the Government of Ghana has sought and received support from the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) . This support follows a three phase process (shown below) through which Ghana will build its capacity while developing its own strategy for engaging with future international and domestic mechanisms that will reward REDD+ actions.
The REDD Readiness Process beginning in 2007 and extending through....
The R-pin – 2007
The R-pin is the initial preparation document. It provides an outline of the current country context, the institutions involved in forest utilisation and governance and provides an indication of what organisations, institutions and sectors are most relevant to the development of a REDD mechanism within Ghana. Ghana submitted it’s R-pin to the FCPF in 2007 after being developed in consultation with members of the FC, IUCN, MLNR, FORIG, CIFOR, University of Ghana (CERGIS). This document presents the current situation in Ghana and does not represent a decision by the government on how they are going to prepare for REDD+.
The R-Plan Development 2008 - 2009
Ghana’s R-Plan development phase began in April 2009 following the acceptance by the Participants Committee of Ghana’s R-pin in July 2008.
The R-Plan will provide a roadmap toward achieving REDD+ Readiness in Ghana. As such, it can be considered a ‘work plan’ for the REDD+ Implementation phase outlining what REDD+ activities could be undertaken, and areas of analysis needed to select them, what resources will be needed and who could provide them, it outlines approaches and methods for an overall management, monitoring and measurement structure, as well as a consultation structure for REDD+ Implementation. It will define draft Terms of Reference (ToR) for each of the major activities that are pending.
R-Plan Implementation 2009 - 2012
The implementation of the R-plan is the phase in which Ghana will fully develop its technical and institutional approach to REDD+. A detailed reference scenario will be developed to assess Ghana’s exiting levels of carbon stock. Capacity to measure and monitor levels of deforestation and degradation and consequently carbon storage against this level will be developed. The appropriate institutions to manage carbon transactions and reporting will also be developed and most critically Ghana’s strategy on how to work within the potential REDD+ mechanisms (market and non-market) will be finalised. This latter phase will continue through extensive consultation and participation in accordance with the C&P Plan developed in the R-plan Development phase. Pilot projects will run throughout this phase to ground developments in country experience and help to ensure that mechanisms are effective prior to their up-scaling.
Some Updates on Ghana's REDD+ Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP)
Through a comprehensive and exhaustive multi–stakeholder consultations process Ghana, has developed the REDD+, Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) document which was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) of the World Bank in January 2010. Ghana has received an approval by the Facility Management Team (FMT) of the World Bank at the 5th Participating Committee meeting in Gabon (22nd -25th March 2010) to implement the REDD+ Strategy document. The FCPF will support the implementation of Ghana’s R-PP from 2010 -2013.
In September 2010, a presentation was made by the Climate Change Manager of the Forestry Commission on an Overview of R-PP at the NREG technical committee meeting during a recent FIP scoping mission in Ghana.
>> Presentation on National REDD+ Readiness Efforts in Ghana by Head of Climate Change Unit, Forestry Commission, September 2010
<> Ghana's Revised Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP), October 2010
<> Ghana's R-PP Annexes, October 2010